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Webhosting Terms

Log File - a collection of raw data that websites can use to determine the activity of a site as far as most accessed pages, busiest hours, IP's of its visitors, and often referral url's to determine the source of a site's traffic.

Webtrends - a popular program for analyzing log files that outputs results in an easy to read graphical format.

MYSQL - a type of database that is often used by webservers for programs such as message boards and adserving programs.

PHP - a server side embedded html script language that allows for interactivity and dynamic content.

CGI-BIN - term for common gateway interfaces or programs that create webpages online dynamically online according to user input and data. Many message boards use CGI-BIN programs to create content for example.

FTP - an acronym for file transfer protocol

Counter - a term for a basic graphical element that keeps track of the number of visitors a website. Newbie pages usually use free counter services which run ads in exchange for their free counters. More advanced internet users use log files rather than counters to gather information about their visitors.

VB - an abbrieviation for VBulletin a type of message board software that is very popular online.

UBB - term for the Ultimate Bulletin Board software which is not quite as popular as Vbulletin.

ARIN - organization that is responsible for Ip allocation. Webhosting companies sometimes can not get a large number of Ip's for customers because ARIN does not wish to issue them except when they are absolutely needed.

IP - an acronym for Internet Protocol and it refers to the numerical addressing system in use on the internet that is used to route internet users to webservers and internet sites.

Dedicated Server see Dedicated Hosting

Colo - See Colocation

Linux - term for a type of Unix variant that is freely available and commonly used in webhosting because of its reliability and the fact that its free.

Apache - term for a popular webserver software package that runs under Linux that is used to do tasks such as email, DNS, and the serving of http page request among other things.

Cobat Raq - term for a type of easy to use webserver appliance made popular with webhosting companies in the past because of its energy efficiency, compact size, and bundled software.

Rackmount - term for a type of webserver that can be mounted on standard racks at a webhosting facility. Standard home PC's which are minitowers or desktops are not rackmountable. Machines that are not rackmountable are harder for webhosts to accomodate and hence they cost more to house. This is why people want rackmountable computers. The main difference between a regular pc and a rackmountable computer is the special type of case and configuration for parts that rackmountables have.

1U - term for a size of webserver that can fit in 1U of a rack at a webhosting facility. Larger rackmountable computers can be 2U to 4U and desktop PC's may require the equvalent of 5u or more to be fit on the rack by laying it down.

Server - term for a computer meant to host websites or host data for a corporate network. Many webservers are less powerful than the average home PC being manufactured today but specialized software and often a rackmountable nature distinguishes servers from regular PC's.

Name Based Hosting - this is way of hosting websites in which many sites share a single IP. This is done to save money and conserve IP's that are getting harder for webhosts to obtain from ARIN.

Domain Name - a term for a unit of the web that is owned privately for periods from one to ten years. Domain names includes all dot com, dot org, dot net, and all other international domain extensions including .de for germany and so on.

Website - term for an active in use live web domain. The term website is also used loosely to refer to webpages not hosted on their own domain via free services such as geocities.

Domain Registrar - a company licensed to register domains and grant ownership rights for periods from one to ten years.

DNS and DNS Server - term for a webserver that looks up the IP used by a given site or collection of sites and routes visitors to the appropriate location for the website domain or domains.

Round Robin DNS - process by which one sets up multiple DNS primary and secondary DNS servers such that different webusers will be directed to different DNS servers. This is done to allow one to balance a website's load among multiple computers without costly load balancing software or hardware.

Domain Forwarding - term for a procedure in which the typing of a given website url will automatically redirect the user to another site or url.

Denial Of Service Attack - this is an attack in which a webserver or network is greatly slowed by a tremendous amount of fake requests for data packets. Often a series of hacked machines are coordinated to overwhelm the webservers of a popular site or entire webhosting network.